Dry, spicy, woody, sharp
Analgesic, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, aperitive, aphrodisiac, bitter, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vasodilator
Black pepper is one of the oldest spices. Its uses date back to the Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians.
Blends Well With
Cardamom, clary sage, clove, frankincense, geranium, lavender, juniper, marjoram, myrrh, orange, nutmeg, rosemary, sage, sandalwood, tea tree, vetiver, ylang ylang
Egyptians utilized black pepper in the embalming process.
Oil Specific: Avoid with homeopathics, in kidney or liver disease, and while pregnant. May cause skin irritation.
General: As with all essential oils, never use them undiluted, in eyes or mucus membranes. Do not take internally unless working with a qualified and expert practitioner. Keep away from children. If applying an essential oil to your skin always perform a small patch test to an insensitive part of the body (after you have properly diluted the oil in an appropriate carrier.
For educational purposes only. This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
This information was taken from and mountainroseherbs.com and organicfacts.net